What are the health risks of eating GMO foods? GMOs, genetically modified organisms, or even 'frankenfood,' as they have been that there is no difference in nutrient quality between organic and non-organic produce. Today, almost half of the people polled feel that GM foods are safe to eat regarding human health associated with genetically modified foods. All GM foods sold in Australia have been assessed as safe by Food Standards Labelling of GM foods is required by law.
Genetically modified organisms GMOs are organisms that have had their DNA altered in a manner which does not occur naturally.
Changing Attitudes Toward Genetically Modified Foods?
The technology used to create GMOs is sometimes referred to as gene technology, genetic engineering, or recombinant DNA technology.
Using this technology, individual genes can be transferred between organisms and also between species. GMOs may be used to create genetically modified plants, which can then be used to grow GM food crops. Why do we Need Genetically Modified Foods? Genetically modified foods are produced for many reasons: They can be grown at a lower price They can be grown to have enhanced nutritional value Crops created from genetically modified organisms may be more durable or hardy; and Genetically modified crops can be created to be resistant to insects, viruses, and weather extremes.
According to the World Health Organisation WHOthere are three main concerns regarding human health associated with genetically modified foods: Ability to cause allergic reactions Gene transfer Outcrossing.
Gene transfer refers to the potential to transfer genetic material that could adversely affect human health, i. Public discussions surrounding the development and use of applications of modern biotechnology for agriculture are widespread, particularly discussions about the development of GMFs and GMOs and the safety and efficacy of the new products.
Public concerns about gene technology lie in four major areas, namely ethical concerns, socio-economic issues, effects on the environment and food safety and human health. Although acknowledging the importance and the interconnectivity of all these areas, the principal focus of this statement is the scientific basis for assessing the risks and benefits to human health of GMFs and GM crops.
- Genetically Modified Foods and Health Concerns
Recognizing that the context in which choices are made varies significantly with differences in societies, environments and economies across the world, this statement endorsed by the noted Unions and Committees of ICSU takes no position on appropriate policies that societies should adopt relative to GM food crops based on a review of the scientific knowledge of benefits and risks currently available.
The only assertion made is that the technological dimensions of GM crops merit consideration along with others, for example economic policies such as those that govern global trade and agricultural subsidies.
Are Australians Changing Their Attitudes Toward Genetically Modified Foods?
Traditional breeding techniques, which genetically modify plants and animals, have led to documented contributions to human nutrition and occasionally to unintended health risks. Transgenically modified plants and animals are projected to give rise to benefits and risks in two broad areas: Four categories of health benefits are recognized: Health risks associated with the approaches that are reviewed generally also fall into four categories — allergies, toxicities, nutrient imbalances, and decreasing diet diversity.
Food quality and human nutrition. Most consumers in rich countries have access to a relatively inexpensive supply of safe and healthy food. In contrast, micronutrient malnutrition is widespread in poor countries, affecting more than one-half of the population in the developing world.
The sustainable solution to malnutrition in developing countries is provision of a sufficient quantity of high quality diet. Nutritional and quality traits of foods can be altered through transgenic methods; such biofortification is a low-cost strategy for improving food quality that complements other technological and social interventions. The nutritional efficacy and risks of unintended harmful effects of these products have yet to be tested and demonstrated.
Food - genetically modified (GM)
Developments in agricultural biotechnology are being used to increase the productivity of crops, primarily by reducing the costs of production. These new crop varieties include insect resistance cotton, maizeherbicide resistance maize, soybeandelayed fruit ripening tomato. The estimated global area of transgenic crops predominantly with agricultural benefits for is More than one quarter of the transgenic crop area in was grown in six developing countries. The number of farmers that planted GM crops increased from 3.
GMF crops could decrease the cost of production and have positive effects on the environment in both developed and developing countries. The development of crops resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses is critical for sustainable food production in the developing world.
Genetically Modified Foods and Health Concerns
The use of GMF crops should go hand-in-hand with other technologies such as plant tissue culture, marker-assisted breeding and conventional plant breeding. It is, however, prudent that the outcomes and impacts of the use of GMF crops are scientifically monitored with respect to farming efficiency, food production and environmental impacts. Industrial products and processes.
Crops can be genetically modified to produce oils, starch, fibre, protein or other chemicals useful for industrial processes. For example, soybean oil, with high oleate content, and canola oil, rich in laurate, are both being produced commercially using these methods. A principal concern is how to use genetic modification technology in a way that gains the advantage of using renewable resources to replace products from petroleum and other non-renewable resources while maintaining a safe and adequate human food supply.
It is also crucial to ensure that GM crops designed to produce industrial products do not inadvertently enter the human food chain or contaminate food crops with their transgenes, if these traits may pose a risk to the environment or to human health. Many species of fin fish have been subjected to genetic modification.
The present and projected increasing demand for fish suggests that GM fish may become important in future in both the developed and developing worlds.