History of the Salem Witch Trials – History of Massachusetts Blog
Thirteen years after the end of the Salem trials, Ann, Jr. came forward as the only accuser to issue an apology to the families of the Not only was Ann, Jr. caught in the middle of the Putnams' political battles, she was also . Nurse was a member of the Towne family, longtime enemies of the Putnams in the boundary feud. Fantastic link to an interview about the Salem Witch Hunt: . Would you agree to say something that wasn't true in order to save your family? . Francis Nurse has brought a signed declaration of the good character of Goody .. Proctor has bought land from the Nurses that Putnam considers rightfully his. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Explain the political relationship between the Putnam and Nurse Families.
Putnam, Ann, Jr. | yogada.info
Having drawn against this to pay for the funeral of his wife, he arranged with Deacon Nathaniel Ingersoll to pay John Putnam fifteen pounds when the funds in the church treasury were sufficient. Captain John, joined by Lieutenant Thomas Putnam This failed, and Captain John then filed suit. When Burroughs returned to Salem to settle the issue of the owed money, he learned that John Putnam had issued the warrant for his arrest. John Putnam recited to the court debts that seemed extraordinary.
Nathaniel Ingersoll, a cousin of Putnam, rose in the defense of Burroughs, saying the debts owed Putnam by Burroughs were none. It was common knowledge that the village owed Burroughs money for the services he rendered. Because of this, Burroughs owed different villagers who had lent him money or supplies in his time of need. There was no direct debt to John Putnam.
If Burroughs were not paid, Putnam would also lose out Such tactics [as the imprisonment of Burroughs] suggest a bullying nature that is feeling frustrated, threatened, and vengeful.
The Putnams and their family allies had little to do with Salem Town, and saw no need for their "cosmopolitan outlook. Exhibition of the influence of the Putnam family power is in the various positions they held: Village Committeemen, deacons, church elders, among others.
The accusation and arrest of many innocent people could have emerged from jealousy and resentment found in this powerful family, known as "the chief prosecutors in this business.
This is clear in the case of George Burroughs, because though many spoke out against him during his trial, the Putnam family did play perhaps the largest role in his arrest and trial proceedings.
George Burroughs returned to Maine after his ordeal over money in Salem expecting never to return. He remained in Casco untilwhen he moved his ministry to another church in Maine, this time in a small town named Wells. Like Casco once had been, Wells was always under the threat of Indian attack. During this time, Burroughs wrote two letters of petition to officials in Boston, pleading for protection from the hostile neighbors.
His letters received little attention, however, because his Indian problems were insignificant when compared to the presence of something much larger - Thomas Putnam, Junior and his brother-in-law Jonathan Walcott made the cry of witchcraft against him.
Both men saw George Burroughs as an enemy of their family. In a written statement, Thomas Putnam accused George Burroughs of witchcraft. Putnam had written a letter, both "unctuous and melodramatic," to John Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin, magistrates, in an effort to warn them of the developing case against George Burroughs.
After most humble and hearty thanks presented to your honors for the great care and pains you have already taken for us, for which we are never able to make you recompense Humbly craving continually your prayers and help in this distressed case, so praying almighty God continually prepare you, that you may be a terror to evil-doers and a praise to them that do well, we remain yours to serve in what we are able.
His lack of detail exhibits the power Putnam wished to believe he had. He assumed the magistrates would be intrigued by the "tingling of his ears," and rush to him for his knowledge and assistance. It seems a reasonable assumption that Thomas was not unlike Iago in his vengefulness, given the great number of his complaints against accused witches and His daughter, Ann Putnam, Jr. Historian Frances Hill believes that Ann Putnam was encouraged to speak especially harsh about George Burroughs by her father.
Her parents had little affection for Burroughs, and it seems that they displayed their hatred openly in front of Ann. She would have known little information about Burroughs, such as his time in Casco, or the death of his wives, had her parents not filled her head with such knowledge. The stories told about him and his abusive nature would have scared a young girl. The terms which her parents used to describe this man whom they detested surely would have frightened Ann enough to the point where she, too, would believe that he was inherently evil.
The encouragement of her parents definitely heightened her proclivity towards crying out against Burroughs. It is true that if any one person involved in the witch-hunt was utterly cynical and unscrupulous, that person was [Thomas] Putnam. Many accusers swore that Burroughs was the spiritual leader of all the New England witches, having been promised by Satan that he would one day be the King of Hell.
Deliverance Hobbs proved to be the most agreeable witness of all the accused witches. She spoke freely; painting details that pleased the magistrates and the spectators. There were deacons, who gave out red bread and red wine, and a preacher who administered the sacrament. The minister was George Burroughs. The confessors believed the mock sacrament was to serve as the beginning of a sermon from Satan.
Arriving in Wells during the Sunday morning worship, the men forced Burroughs to leave with them before the services were completed. Partridge and his men were afraid of Burroughs from the outset of their journey, and were convinced that Burroughs, invoking the aid of Satan in an effort to break free, caused a thunderstorm on their return to Salem.
After his arrival in Salem on May 4,George Burroughs did not receive examination before the council of Magistrates until five days later. The questions posed were more of a religious rather than legal nature. For example, when asked how long it had been since he had partaken of the Sacrament.
His answer shocked the examiners, because "it was so long since he could not tell: The examiners also brought in evidence about the home of Burroughs in Casco, that toads had overrun it. Many of the girls were taken with seizures when he entered the room, dropping to the floor as though in great pain. Susannah Sheldon was one of the first girls to cry out against Burroughs after Ann Putnam, and her deposition read: Burros which brought a book to me and told me if I would not set my hand to it he would tear me to pieces.
I told him I would not, then he told me he would starve me to death. Then the next morning he told me he could not starve me to death, but he would choke me to death, that my vittles should do me but little good. Then he told me his name was Borros, which had preached at the village. The last night he came to me and asked me whether I would go to the village tomorrow to witness against him. A spirited, feisty, buxom, and lusty woman who flaunted Puritan morals with a happy public house where drinking and gambling occurred.
Many say that it was her flashy taste in dress, her smooth and flattering manner with men, and the questionable gaieties that had gone on in her two taverns, which led to people gossiping about her as a witch as far back as King Philips War.
This, however, is not the same Bridget Bishop of history. Bridget Bishop lived on a small piece of property in Salem Town and was between fifty-five and sixty-five inwhen she was accused of witchcraft. The account below follows the more historically accurate description of Bridget Bishop's life, taken from Bernard Rosenthal's book Salem Story.
This marriage was less than idyllic. InBridget was accused of calling her husband names on the Sabbath, and both she and her husband were sentenced to stand gagged in the market place for their offenses. In JanuaryBridget and Thomas were both sentenced to be whipped for fighting. It was not unusual for Bridget's face to be battered during her marriage to Thomas Oliver. Inshe was accused of witchcraft. This accusation could have been facilitated by Thomas' claim that "she was a bad wife.
This accusation occurred after her husband died without leaving a will, and seems to be the classic case of a vulnerable, propertied woman being accused of witchcraft. She posted bond, and there is no record of any punishment. Inshe was charged with stealing brass objects. Her record then remains clean until she is brought up on witchcraft charges again in April On April 19, at her examination, Bridget Bishop began her testimony with courtesy and deference.
This deferential attitude soon gave way to anger as she realized that denying her involvement was not an effective strategy. The afflicted girls were in the courtroom swooning in response to the imagined spectral advances of Bridget Bishop.
Putnam, Ann, Jr.
Magistrate John Hawthorne unleashed his loaded questions, asking, "How is it that your specter hurts those in this room? I know not what a witch is. No one can know for certain if this bold interchange earned Bridget Bishop the distinction of being the first hanged on the gallows.
On May 27, Phips established a special court of Oyer and Terminer to try those accused of witchcraft. On June 2, Bridget Bishop was the first person tried in the new court, perhaps because her previous witchcraft accusation made her a likely candidate. In her trial, spectral evidence was given an unprecedented status. She was charged with "tortur[ing], afflict[ing], pin[ing], consum[ing], wast[ing]: Bridget vehemently denied the charges at her trial, believing that to be the only way to avoid execution.
She did not realize that her only hope lay in confessing to witchcraft. When Cotton Mather wrote of the evidence against her in his book Wonders of the Invisible World, he included preposterous stories that could best be called gossip.
One such story recounts that Bishop cast a glance upon Salem meeting house, while walking under guard. This "look" caused a board, which had been fastened with nails, to be removed to another portion of the house. Her case served as a model for future cases to come, following a very predictable pattern. The "afflicted" persons made their accusations, which were denied by the accused; members of the community told of past acts of witchcraft by the accused; and one or more confessors validated the claim of the accusers.
The court used spectral evidence as the primary legal basis to convict Bridget Bishop. Hanged on June 10, her death warrant emphasizes only the harm done to her accusers, primarily on the day of her examination, as the legal justification for the execution.
Now the honest men of Salem could sleep in peace, sure that the Shape of Bridget would trouble them no more" Upham. Bridget Bishop was the first person to be hanged as a result of the infamous Salem witchcraft trials.
David Green, "Salem Witches I: Bernard Rosenthal, Salem Story. Cambridge Univeristy Press, Charles Upham, Salem Witchcraft, Previous experience had taught her to deny allegations of witchcraft at all costs.
Unfortunately, in the situation was different and her only salvation lay in false confession, which she refused to do. Bridget Bishop was married to Edward Bishop when she was accused of witchcraft in Salem.
She was widowed twice before marrying Edward. Her second husband Thomas Oliver accused her of witchcraft, claiming that "she was a bad wife. A summary of the courtroom examination follows. As soon as Bridget Bishop entered the courtroom, the afflicted girls fell into fits. Judge Hathorne asked which witchcrafts she was conversant in, to which she replied, "I take all this people turning her head and eyes about to witness that I am clear.
The afflicted girls charged her with having hurt them in many ways and tempting them to sign the book of the devil. Ann Putnam even went so far as to say that Bishop called the devil her God.
Bishop continued to proclaim her innocence by saying that she "never saw these persons before, nor [ever] was in this place before. When they examined Bishop's coat, they found the tear in exactly the same location.
Judge Hathorne continued the attack on Bishop when he accused her of bewitching her first husband to death. She shook her head no in response to the question, which set the afflicted girls into fits. Throughout the trials Ann, Jr. The drama continues Ann, Jr. Corey's wife Martha had already been sentenced to death. He refused to stand trial for his alleged crimes because, according to local law, a prisoner's property could not be confiscated seized by authority except in cases of treason or conviction.
The law also held, however, that refusal to testify could result in being subjected to a slow death by crushing with heavy stones. In an effort to keep his property in his family and to avoid being convicted as a wizard, Corey submitted to being crushed by stones in a field outside Salem, where he finally died after nine days on September Martha Corey was hanged three days later.
While Giles Corey was dying, Ann was at home claiming to experience the exact pain that he was feeling. Behaving as if she were under duress from a suffocating force, Ann was suddenly relieved of her pain when she saw the spirit of a witch who explained to her why Corey was now being crushed to death. According to the spirit, Corey himself had long ago crushed a man to death with his feet while under a contract with the devil.
Part of the deal with the devil was that the murderer would profit from the man's death, but then would someday face the same fate himself. According to The Devil in Massachusetts, when Ann recounted this vision to her father, he suddenly recalled that seventeen years earlier, long before Ann was even born, Corey had been charged in court with the death of a man who was "bruised to death. Putnam revealed this story to nervous villagers, who welcomed the news. Not only could they now have a clear conscience in putting Corey to death, but Ann's vision had given them proof that she was telling the truth.THE COLLINS BLOODLINE
No one considered the fact that Ann's mother had told her about past events in Salem Village and had filled the child with bitterness toward certain residents. Ann apologizes for role in trials By October jails in the Salem area were packed with suspects, and twenty people had been executed as witches, largely at the urging of the young girls.
Nobody had been safe from the girls' accusations and their frequent fits. In November, however, they discovered that they had lost their power when they were called to nearby Gloucester to determine why a soldier's sister lay ill. Although the girls named three culprits, the accused witches were not imprisoned.
On their way home from this disappointing event, the girls were crossing Ipswich Bridge and went into fits while passing an old woman. To their astonishment, nobody paid them any attention and they were for once treated as if they were crazy or invisible.
This was to be the last of their accusations and fits, and a solemn silence overtook all of them. As the trials came to an end and the families of victims sought justice, the accusers slipped into uncomfortable obscurity. Most of the girls left Salem Village with their families or got married and later moved away, but Ann Putnam, Jr. Both of her parents died within a week of one another at a relatively young age inleaving Ann to raise her nine younger siblings by herself.
She remained anonymous untilwhen she was urged to make a public apology for her role in the trials, which would be the only statement from any of the accusers. Parris had been forced to leave his post in see Chapter 5 and the new Salem Village pastor, Joseph Green, was determined to make peace within his parish. He took many steps to help reconcile restore friendship between enemies and reach an understanding of past transgressions violations.
In Ann asked Green if she could rejoin the parish, and the pastor required her to make the apology, not only as a way to relieve her own guilt but also to make peace in the community. Green read her lengthy statement to a congregation that included relatives of many executed witches.
Among them was the family of Rebecca Nurse.