[On the relationship between population and education].
On the relationship between population growth and social and economic development. Rapid population growth has been encouraged by a high birth rate coupled Population Dynamics*; Public Policy*; Social Planning; Social Sciences. distinction between ''formal demography'' and ''population studies'' to . relationship between changes in social structure and social mobility. Beyond publications occasionally go beyond basic tabulations to describe and analyze social. The Canon Institute for Global StudiesTokyoJapan; 5. The relationship between urban density and transport-related energy However, it is necessary to be careful when dealing with complex social phenomena. We analyze the relationship between the population density and the growth ratio of the.
To grasp the comparative benefits of smaller family sizes and its effect on quality of life both for the individuals involved, the extended family, and the nation as a whole.
To publicize governmental population and family policies. Family size and welfare: Women who delay their marriage will have shorter reproductive spans and therefore, will tend to have fewer children than women who marry earlier. Likewise, young people who delay marriage will tend to have smaller families, be able to pursue education for self-fulfillment and gainful employment, and be able to help improve the welfare of parents, brothers and sisters.
Social Studies and Population Education. Man and His Environment Book 2, 1984.
Having fewer and more spaced-out births promotes the health of the mother and child and affords women more opportunities for sharing social and economic responsibilities. Population change and resource development: This also includes the effects of enhanced status of women on population growth and development. Population-related beliefs and values: Based on these core messages, it can be observed that population education is a broad subject, which derives from many fields of learning.
Subsequently, the ultimate content and scope of population education will depend on the target group. Thirty years later, it was million.
To track such dramatic changes in population, a census programme needs to be put into place that can collect data on on the country's population size, distribution, growth rate, and composition.
Population census is a means of collecting and publishing the demographic, social, and economic data of all the persons in a country at a particular time. It inventories the age, sex, occupational status, religious affiliation, marital status and educational status of all the country's citizens.
There are two major types of census: A De jure census counts people at their usual place of residence, while a de facto census counts people wherever they are found on the census day. Each person is counted on sight, and, for valid results, travel is always restricted during the census exercises. The census is used to plan for the educational needs, health, housing, employment, industrial, and other needs of people of the country.
However, the following have been militating against successful census in Nigeria: Inadequate statisticians and demographers to process the census data. Lack of up-to-date base maps, especially when new Local Government areas and states are created. Politicization of census operations, leading to inflation of figures and falsification of information. Religious beliefs like women in purdah in the North and the negative attitudes of many Jehovah's witnesses in the South. Poor communication and transportation systems, which prevent census officers from reaching many parts of the country.
Inadequate offices and storage facilities to keep census data and records. Inaccessibility of some parts of the country during certain period of the year like Oro festival in Ikorodu. Poor publicity of census programmes.
Notes on Population and Family Life Education
Late processing of census data. The use of census figures as an instrument of political power. Vital Registration is another way of obtaining data on population size, composition, and structures and can substitute for census programmes. Vital registration refers to the process of keeping accurate records of events in the life of an individual right from birth to death. It is also used for tax deduction purposes, and for many administrative purposes essential for national development.
Other sources of population data are sample surveys, population registers, and other non-traditional sources. Two divisions identified by social educators are: Ecumene meaning inhabited areas of the world and, Non-Ecumene meaning uninhabited or sparsely inhabited areas.
Factors influencing Population Distribution in Nigeria and Africa A number of factors are responsible for the uneven distribution of population in Nigeria and Africa.
Factors which influence population distribution can be grouped as physical, historical, political and economic.
- What are the Relationship of Population Studies With Sociology, Psychology and Economics?
- Inter-relationship between population education and family life education.
- On the relationship between population growth and social and economic development.
Although other factors contribute to it, the ultimate factor in population distribution is economic potential, because people live only where they can find a means of earning a living. The prevalence of very poor soil conditions have made some areas such as the access plains, the swampy Niger Delta, and the sterile sand and beach ridges of the Nigerian coast inhospitable for settlements.
People tend to move away from places with a high prevalence of disease.
What are the Relationship of Population Studies With Sociology, Psychology and Economics?
Examples abound around Jos. Historical developments reduced population in certain parts of the world. Between 10 and 15 million Africans were carried away as slaves to Europe and America during the 18th and 19th centuries. In the 19th century, inter-tribal wars in Yorubaland led to the death of many people. Somalia, Liberia, and Sierra Leone are now being depleted of population because of wars. Another factor is historical attachment among the Ibos and some people to the area in the Plateau State.
Political Factors influencing Population Distribution in Nigeria and Africa Some political policies and decisions which influenced the distribution of population include: Forest and game reserves: The creation of forest and game reserves, where settlement and farming are illegal, has led to situations where a vast uninhabited area exists side by side with densely populated areas where the people experience acute shortage of farmlands.
The resettlement of people displaced by such large manmade lakes as the Kariba Lake and Lake Kainji have had considerable effect on the people. Also, settlement integration schemes for health or security reasons in Nigeria have had considerable effect on the distribution or redistribution of population in the country. Economic Factors influencing Population Distribution in Nigeria and Africa Economic factors have become important in shaping population distribution in most parts of the world.
This is a reflection of technological progress. In addition to urban centres, Africa's major areas of high population density are those rural locales that produce minerals or industrial crops for exports. In West Africa for example, the major centres of economic growth are located within miles of the coast.
Opportunities for employment either in industrial or in agricultural areas are greater along the coast where most of the capital cities and major seaports are located. It is not surprising therefore that there is a marked relocation of population from interior to the coastal areas. Urbanization is another economic factor that influences population distribution in Nigeria and Africa.
Most of the migrants to the growing urban centres come from the congested rural areas and given the present rate of urbanization, it is reasonable to expect greater concentrations of people in the few economically active areas. Unit V Population Dynamics: Growth and Structures with their Socio-Economic Implications Factors influencing Population Growth The rate at which population increases is called the population growth rate.
This growth rate differs from country to country and from one economy to another. Besides immigration, population growth in any country happens as a result of natural changes in the birth and mortality rates. A number of factors may influence the differences in level of fertility among various groups: Studies have shown that in traditional societies, where fertility is higher, education also influences the age of marriage, the use of contraceptive methods, and attitudes toward the cost of raising children.
Studies have shown that Muslims often have higher fertility rates than non-Muslims. Some religious group can even specify the family size or the number of wives that are allowed.
Factors affecting lower urban fertility rates include the high costs of living, social mobility, social income, social classes, occupation status, female employment, education, etc. In simple terms, mortality is the occurrence of death.
We measure the mortality rate by determining the ratio of the number of deaths per year to the total population of an area, which is expressed as X number of people per thousand. The mortality rate is correlated with the level of socio-economic development. Death rates are lowest in advanced countries and highest in developing countries. The common factors influencing the mortality rate includes: After 60, the mortality rate rises again.
The theory of demographic transition is based on an understanding of such other disciplines as economics, sociology, political science, psychology, anthropology and geography. Many of the fertility theories are based on biology, sociology and economics.
On the relationship between population growth and social and economic development.
The changes in the birth rate cannot be explained as independent phenomena. Rather, their Plan nations have to be sought in the changing economic, social, rural, psychological and political situations in which they occur. In recent times, another dimension has been added study of population: Though it is possible to speak broadly of the inter-relationship between population studies and the social and the behavioural sciences considered together, it would be useful to consider each of the social and behavioural sciences separately to understand their inter-relationships.
Davis has referred to the following areas of study which require a combination of demographic and sociological skills: Even in the study of mortality, age and sex differentials, though biologically determined, may have sociological bases, and, therefore, need to be recognised as such.
Broom Selznick treat population as one of the nine principal "elements of sociological analysis" for the discussion of six special topics, that is, family, city, minorities, industrial sociology, political sociology and criminal behaviour.
It, therefore, appears that along with social organisation, culture, socialisation, primary groups, social stratification, associations, collective behaviour and ecology, populations is an important element in sociological analysis.
Several questions connected with family planning and fertility regulation can be answered only when the reproductive behaviour of individuals is understood in the context of the social standards cultural norms which influence and govern such behaviour.