Ulysses S. Grant | Biography, Presidency, & Facts | yogada.info
Like Mr. Lincoln, he married a woman from a slaveowning family with a strong character – but without the flakiness of Mr. Lincoln's wife Mary. Julia Grant was. First published fifty years ago, this analysis of the generalship of Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee remains one of the most readable histories of the Civil War. President Trump praised Robert E. Lee as a 'great general' Trump's full remarks on the Lee, Lincoln and Grant relationship are shown below.
Washburne, however, took Grant to Springfield, Illinois, to get a military commission. He was ambitious for command but not for glory. There were just two of them. Seated upon their haunches, with their mouths close together, they had made all the noise we had been hearing for the past ten minutes.
I have often thought of this incident since when I have heard the noise of a few disappointed politicians who had deserted their associates. There are always more of them before they are counted. Lincoln and very much unlike General McClellan, Grant did not value appearances. While McClellan tried to make himself into a larger-than-life figure, Grant seemed rather to make himself smaller than life. Perhaps he appeared in full dress to prove to his family that he was a general.
It was his first and nearly last appearance in regulation garb. Photographed frequently afterward, he rarely displayed weapons, regulation uniform, or any signs of rank beyond the requisite shoulder stars. Grant was simply too unmilitary to dress like a proper officer.
He began to drink seriously when posted by the army in California.
Grant did not leave the army because he was a drunk. He drank and left the army because he was profoundly depressed. In Galena, Grant had met his future aide, John A.
It was an answer to one of the 21st from Congressman Washburne, who was much disturbed by reports that Grant was intemperate. Stanton and President Lincoln. Rather than taking offence at these visits, Grant received the visitors cordially — realizing that in so doing he could control the substance and tone of their reports.
On July 13, President Lincoln wrote Grant: I write this now as a grateful acknowledgement for the almost inestimable service you have done the country.
I wish to say a word further. When you first reached the vicinity of Vicksburg, I thought you should do, what you finally did—march the troops across the neck, run the batteries with the transports, and thus go below; and I never had any faith, except a general hope that you knew better than I, that the Yazoo Pass expedition, and the like, could succeed. When you did get below, and took Port-Gibson, Grand Gulf, and vicinity, I thought you should go down the river and join Gen.
I know wish to make the personal acknowledgement that you were right, and I was wrong. The searching inquiries never for a moment became trivial; the motive behind each was too formidable for that.
During the whole of my acquaintance with the President, he seemed to me to be doing all in his power to measure the personal character of prominent men. He gauged the strength of his armies by their leaders. He seemed constantly to be taking these measurements, and when he had taken them, to lay them aside in that wonderful brain of his for future use.
Lincoln needed a general who could fight, but, even more, one who could coordinate.
Ulysses Grant Quiz – Go 4 Quiz
McClellan and John C. Fremont — into trying to direct the nation from the White House. Grant scholar John Y. Simon wrote of Lincoln: Only then did Lincoln proceed with the appointment. Washburne, a longtime Lincoln associate who often acted as a go-between for Grant and Mr. Lincoln during the Civil War. Who else besides you knows anything about Grant?
What Vice President [Alexander H. Slavery is already dead and cannot be resurrected. It would take a standing army to maintain slavery in the South if we were to make peace today, guaranteeing the South all their former Constitutional privileges. As anxious as I am to see peace reestablished I would not therefore be willing to see any settlement until this question is forever settled. We have kept off him on your account. We could have made him stink in the nostrils of the public like an old fish had we properly criticised his military blunders.
Immediately after arriving in Washington I was consulted by such senators and representatives as I knew or chanced to meet in regard to his fitness for promotion and for the great power which it would place in his hands. Washburne, the member of congress from his district, was the most potent and aggressive factor in the scheme of reviving the lieutenant generalcy and giving it to Grant. He was bold, active, and persistent in advocating the measure, and was, besides, the firm friend of [Grant aide John A.
I boarded at the same house with him, and from the date of my arrival gave him and the measure he was advocating my most active and unqualified support. We conferred about it in every possible aspect. He knew from Dana, Rawlins, and myself the real facts of his case, and that in no instance had he yielded to such an extent as to imperil the safety of his army or the success of his campaigns.
But above all Washburne knew that, so long as Rawlins stood by him as guide, philosopher, and friend, the combination would continue to be successful. Thus the union between them was perpetuated.
On the first day of the session Washburne rose to introduce a bill to revive the grade of lieutenant-general. After Congress passed the legislation allowing for appointment of a lieutenant general, Grant was summoned to Washington to meet with President Lincoln. In his memoirs, Grant wrote: Lincoln until called to the capital to receive my commission as lieutenant-general.
I knew, however, very well and favorably from the accounts given by officers under me at the West who had known him all their lives. I had also read the remarkable series of debates between Lincoln and Douglas a few years before, when they were rival candidates for the United States Senate.
Historian Jean Edward Smith wrote: As soon as it was discovered that he was at the table, eating his dinner, just like ordinary mortals, there was a shout of welcome from all present, an immense cheer going up from the crowd in the dining-room.
Several witnesses recorded what happened. It was an impressive affair, for there stood the Executive of this great nation, welcoming the Commander of its armies.
Abraham Lincoln and Ulysses S. Grant
I see them now before me — Lincoln, tall, thin, and impressive, with deeply lined face, and his strong sad eyes — Grant, compact, of good size, but looking small beside the President, with his broad, square head and compressed lips, decisive and resolute. This was a thrilling moment, for in the hands of these two men was the destiny of our country.
Their work was in cooperation, for the preservation of our great nation, and for the liberty of men. They remained talking together for a few moments, and then General Grant passed on into the East Room with the crowd which surrounded and cheered him wildly, and all present were eager to press his hand. The guests present forced him to stand upon a sofa, insisting that he could be better seen by all.
I remember that my father, of whom they wished to make a hero, blushed most modestly at these enthusiastic attentions, all present joining in expressions of affection and applause.
Soon a messenger reached my father calling him back to the side of Mrs. Lincoln, and with her he made a tour of the reception rooms, followed by President Lincoln, whose noble, rugged face beamed with pleasure and gratification.
I would like you to say something in reply which will soothe the feeling of jealousy among the officers, and be encouraging to the nation. Lincoln gave a public reception at the White House, which I attended. He was in evening dress, and wore a turned down collar a size too large.
The necktie was rather broad and awkwardly tied. He was more of a Hercules than an Adonis. His height of six feet four inches enabled him to look over the heads of most of his visitors. His form was ungainly, and the movement of his long, angular arms and legs bordered at times upon the grotesque. His eyes were gray and disproportionately small.
His face wore a general expression of sadness, the deep lines indicating the sense of responsibility which weighed upon him; but at times his features lighted up with a broad smile, and there was merry twinkle in his eyes as he greeted an old acquaintance and exchanged a few words with him a tone of familiarity. He had sprung from the common people to become one of the most uncommon of men. Lincoln occupied a position on his right.
For a time she stood on a line with him and took part in the reception, but afterward stepped back and conversed with some of the wives of the cabinet officers and other personal acquaintances who were in the room. He had arrived from the West that evening, and had come to the White House to pay his respects to this President.
He had been in Washington but once before, when he visited it for a day soon after he had left West Point. Although these two historical characters had never once met before, Mr. Lincoln recognized the general at once from the pictures he had seen of him.
With a face radiant with delight, he advanced rapidly two or three steps toward his distinguished visitor, and cried out: Standing face to face for the first time were the two illustrious men whose names will always be inseparably associated in connection with the war of the rebellion. The President, who was eight inches taller, looked down with beaming countenance upon his guest. Although their appearance, their training, and their characteristics were in striking contrast, yet the two men had many traits in common, and there were numerous points of resemblance in their remarkable careers.
Each was of humble origin, and had been compelled to learn the first lessons of life in the severe school of adversity. Each had risen from the people, possessed an abiding confidence in them, and always retained a deep hold on their affections. The Secretary of State was very demonstrative in his welcome, and after exchanging a few words, led the general to where Mrs. Lincoln was standing, and presented him to her.
Lincoln expressed much surprise and pleasure at the meeting, and she and the general chatted together very pleasantly for some minutes. The visitors had by this time become so curious to catch a sight of the general that their eagerness knew no bounds, they became altogether unmanageable. He succeeded in struggling through the crowd with the general until they reached the large East Room, where the people could circulate more freely.
This, however, was only a temporary relief. The people by this time had worked themselves up to a state of uncontrollable excitement. The vast throng surged and swayed and crowded until alarm was felt for the safety of the ladies. Seward, after some persuasion, induced the general to stand upon a sofa, thinking the visitors would be satisfied with a view of him, and retire; but as soon as they caught sight of him their shouts were renewed, a rush was made to shake his hand. Quite a gathering; very many that are not usually seen at receptions were attracted thither, I presume from the fact that General Grant was expected to be there.
He came about half-past nine. By that time, however, events had further fouled the mood when the president arrived at Fort Monroe.
The failure at the Crater came on the heels of the bungled first assault on Petersburg and the fiasco at the Jerusalem Plank Road. No record exists of what exactly was said between Lincoln and Grant when they met at Fort Monroe. Grant made no mention of the meeting in his memoirs at all. At the least, whatever thought Grant had that his original vision could remain intact about who would hold and who would skin was undoubtedly put to rest. For his part, Lincoln had been entertaining the possibility of bringing McClellan back in a military capacity.
This had a significant political calculation behind it: In any case, Lincoln undoubtedly made clear that he did not believe that any of these men possessed the qualities necessary for dealing with Early. To be sure, all three had demonstrated their ability to conduct defensive operations and were thus suited to a holding mission.
But that was not what the president had in mind for the Valley. Lincoln wanted a skinner. Finally, Grant proposed Maj. Philip Sheridan for the job, a man who had repeatedly displayed the will and ability to skin the Confederates. Some in Washington had qualms about whether Sheridan was experienced enough for such an important command, but he had the qualities Lincoln wanted.
Wherever the enemy goes let our troops go also. Thus, in front of Petersburg and Richmond, Grant would spend the late summer and fall of conducting relatively limited—though by no means inconsequential or bloodless—operations around the James.
The next year Grant joined the leather goods business owned by his father and operated by his brothers in GalenaIllinois. The Civil War At the outbreak of the Civil War in AprilGrant helped recruit, equip, and drill troops in Galena, then accompanied them to the state capital, Springfieldwhere Gov.
Yates appointed him colonel of an unruly regiment later named the 21st Illinois Volunteers in June Before he had even engaged the enemy, Grant was appointed brigadier general through the influence of Elihu B.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. In Januarydissatisfied with the use of his force for defensive and diversionary purposes, Grant received permission from Gen. Henry Wager Halleck to begin an offensive campaign. On February 16 he won the first major Union victory of the war, when Fort Donelsonon the Cumberland River in Tennessee, surrendered with about 15, troops.
Ulysses S. Grant
I propose to move immediately upon your works. However, when Halleck was called to Washington as general in chief in July, Grant regained command. Before the end of the year, he began his advance toward VicksburgMississippi, the last major Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River. When Port Hudson, Louisianathe last post on the Mississippi, fell a few days later, the Confederacy was cut in half.
Courtesy, Colorado Historical Society, Denver image no. F Command over Union armies Grant was appointed lieutenant general in March and was entrusted with command of all the U.
His basic plan for the campaign was to immobilize the army of Gen. Lee near the Confederate capital at RichmondVirginia, while Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman led the western Union army southward through Georgia. Philip Sheridan destroyed railroads and supplies in Virginia. This surrender, in effect, marked the end of the Civil War. Grant at Cold Harbor, Virginia, Earlier, he had rebounded from initial defeat to triumph at Shiloh. His success as a commander was due in large measure to administrative ability, receptiveness to innovationversatility, and the ability to learn from mistakes.
In late Grant, by then immensely popular, toured the South at Pres. In he was appointed to the newly established rank of general of the armies of the United States. Stanton and thereby tested the constitutionality of the Tenure of Office Actwhich dictated that removals from office be at the assent of Congress, and in August appointed Grant interim secretary of war.
The vote of the electoral college was more one-sided, with Grant garnering votes, compared with 80 for Seymour. American presidential election, Results of the American presidential election, Sources: His appointments to office were uneven in quality but sometimes refreshing. Notably, Grant named Ely S. Strong-willed and forthright, Julia Grant also later claimed credit for helping to persuade her husband to veto the Finance Bill, but she did not often involve herself in presidential decisions.
Anthony to be a friend. As a result, it is said, Anthony supported Grant when he ran for reelection inrather than the first woman candidate for the presidency, Victoria Claflin Woodhull of the Equal Rights Party, a splinter group that had bolted from the National Woman Suffrage Association convention.