Father and son relationship in greek mythology

Odyssey: Father Son Relationship in the Odyssey

father and son relationship in greek mythology

Greek god, Relationship, Role, Attribute, Roman Counterpart. Zeus, husband and brother of Hera, King and father of gods, sky. Apollo, son of Zeus and Leto ( daughter of the Titans Coeüs and Pheobe); brother of Artemis, solar light, reason, . Demeter and Zeus birthed Persephone; Persephone was kidnapped by Hades; Demeter's 9 day and 9 night journey; Helios offers his help. The father son relationships show that through all odds, they stick together. Another May 3rd 1. The Relationship Between the Gods and Humans Why we Cannot Judge Ancient Greece Based on The Odyssey. Why we.

Yayati was cursed to become old and impotent. To stay young, he begged his sons to suffer the curse on his behalf. The eldest son, Yadu, refused. He believed that the father should respect the march of time. The youngest son agreed and suffered oldage while his father enjoyed youth, like a parasite. Years later, having had his fill of youth, Yayati took back the curse of oldage from his son.

He then made a decision: What Yayati celebrates here is obedience; he completely ignores the march of time. Puru is the ancestor of the Kauravas and the Pandavas; Yadu is the ancestor of the Yadavas, hence Krishna.

Father and Son Relationships in The Odyssey by Homer

This theme recurs in the story of Bhisma descendent of Puru who gives up all conjugal rights so that his old father, Shantanu, can marry a fisherwoman called Satyavati who he has fallen in love with.

The son sacrifices himself for the pleasure of the father and for this he is glorified as a hero. Yayati complex is then about the younger generation submitting to the older generation. It is about the shame that the younger generation feels when it challenges the older generation.

The difference is stark. In the Greek way, the old is defeated by the new. In the Hindu way, the new surrenders to the old. He comes form an old business family that has been trading in Andhra Pradesh for generations. His father, Pradip, wanted his son to have the best of modern education.

So Manish was sent abroad at an early age and he has come back not just with a degree but also with lots of work experience in investment banking firms in the US. Now he is ready to take over the family business.

father and son relationship in greek mythology

But there is a problem. He finds everything wrong in the way Pradip runs the business. This has led to arguments and fights at home, and sometimes at office. Disagreement between father and son is natural. He surrendered to it, watched it carefully, learnt a lot from it, and when he took over improved on it. But Manish seems to be reacting very differently.

He seems to mock the old ways of doing business. Is this the result of a foreign education?

Oedipus complex - Wikipedia

Is this the loss of Indian values? Should Manish follow the Greek way and overpower the father and establish his way in the family business? This will be good as India is getting increasingly globalized and the rules of the game are being determined by the West. Or should Manish, follow the Indian way, and bow to his father and wait until it is time to take over the family business and make adjustments later? But the Indian way is not so simple.

In the Ramayana, Ram obeys his father and endures forest-exile for 14 years. When he returns, the father is dead and he is crowned king. What follows is the perfect rule. Upon their return to the city, the youth sacrificed the ox to Zeus, and his friends joined him at the feast. He received special clothing that in adult life marked him as kleinos, "famous, renowned". The initiate was called a parastatheis, "he who stands beside", perhaps because, like Ganymede the cup-bearer of Zeus, he stood at the side of the philetor during meals in the andreion and served him from the cup that had been ceremonially presented.

father and son relationship in greek mythology

In this interpretation, the formal custom reflects myth and ritual. Among the Athenians, as Socrates claims in Xenophon 's Symposium, "Nothing [of what concerns the boy] is kept hidden from the father, by an ideal [35] lover. However, according to Aeschines, Athenian fathers would pray that their sons would be handsome and attractive, with the full knowledge that they would then attract the attention of men and "be the objects of fights because of erotic passions".

Boys, however, usually had to be courted and were free to choose their mate, while marriages for girls were arranged for economic and political advantage at the discretion of father and suitor.

  • Pederasty in ancient Greece
  • Oedipus complex

For those lovers who continued their lovemaking after their beloveds had matured, the Greeks made allowances, saying, "You can lift up a bull, if you carried the calf.

However, if they did not perform those specific functions, did not present themselves for the allocation of those functions and declared themselves ineligible if they were somehow mistakenly elected to perform those specific functions, they were safe from prosecution and punishment.

As non-citizens visiting or residing in a city-state could not perform official functions in any case whatsoever, they could prostitute themselves as much as they wanted. In his speech Against Timarchus in BC, the Athenian politician Aeschines argues against further allowing Timarchus, an experienced middle-aged politician, certain political rights as Attic law prohibited anyone who had prostituted himself from exercising those rights [46] and Timarchus was known to have spent his adolescence as the sexual partner of a series of wealthy men in order to obtain money.

Aeschines acknowledges his own dalliances with beautiful boys, the erotic poems he dedicated to these youths, and the scrapes he has gotten into as a result of his affairs, but emphasizes that none of these were mediated by money. A financial motive thus was viewed as threatening a man's status as free. Socrates remarks in the dialogue Phaedrus that sexual pederasty is driven by the appetital part of the soul, but can be balanced by self-control and reason.

He likens wanton lust for a boy to allowing a disobedient horse to control a chariot, but remarks that sexual desire for a boy if combined with a love for their other qualities is acceptable. Phaedrus in Plato's Symposium remarks: For I know not any greater blessing to a young man who is beginning in life than a virtuous lover, or to a lover than a beloved youth.

father and son relationship in greek mythology

For the principle, I say, neither kindred, nor honor, nor wealth, nor any motive is able to implant so well as love. Of what am I speaking? And we all accuse the Cretans of concocting the story about Ganymede. Plato states here that "we all", possibly referring to society as a whole or simply his social group, believe the story of Ganymede's homosexuality to have been fabricated by the Cretans to justify immoral behaviours.

father and son relationship in greek mythology

The Athenian stranger in Plato's Laws blames pederasty for promoting civil strife and driving many to their wits' end, and recommends the prohibition of sexual intercourse with youths, laying out a path whereby this may be accomplished. There is some pleasure in loving a boy paidophileinsince once in fact even the son of Cronus that is, Zeusking of immortals, fell in love with Ganymede, seized him, carried him off to Olympusand made him divine, keeping the lovely bloom of boyhood paideia.

So, don't be astonished, Simonides, that I too have been revealed as captivated by love for a handsome boy. Neither Homer nor Hesiod ever explicitly ascribes homosexual experiences to the gods or to heroes. The 5th century BC poet Pindar constructed the story of a sexual pederastic relationship between Poseidon and Pelopsthis was intended to replace an earlier story of cannibalism that Pindar deemed an unsavoury representation of the Gods.

Father-son relationship In The Odyssey by Homer

Though examples of such a custom exist in earlier Greek works, myths providing examples of young men who were the lovers of gods began to emerge in classical literature, around the 6th century BC. All the Olympian gods except Ares are purported to have had these relationships, which some scholars argue demonstrates that the specific customs of paiderastia originated in initiatory rituals.

Likewise, the tale of Dionysus and Polymnuswhich tells that the former anally masturbated with a fig branch over the latter's grave, was written by Christians, whose aim was to discredit pagan mythology.

father and son relationship in greek mythology

The standing lovers engage in intercrural sex. Animal gifts—most commonly hares and roosters, but also deer and felines—point toward hunting as an aristocratic pastime and as a metaphor for sexual pursuit.

Parent-Child Relationships in Greek Mythology by Sydney Lilja on Prezi

The youthful beloved is never pictured with an erection; his penis "remains flaccid even in circumstances to which one would expect the penis of any healthy adolescent to respond willy-nilly". Some vases do show the younger partner as sexually responsive, prompting one scholar to wonder, "What can the point of this act have been unless lovers in fact derived some pleasure from feeling and watching the boy's developing organ wake up and respond to their manual stimulation?

In the 6th century BC, he is a young beardless man with long hair, of adult height and physique, usually nude. As the 5th century begins, he has become smaller and slighter, "barely pubescent", and often draped as a girl would be. No inferences about social customs should be based on this element of the courtship scene alone. Some portions of the Theognidean corpus are probably not by the individual from Megara, but rather represent "several generations of wisdom poetry ".